GUS: Statistical Pole getting older and older

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According to the latest data from the Central Statistical Office (GUS), at the end of 2019, a statistical inhabitant of Poland was on average 41.3 years old (median age). The average age of a man was nearly 40 years. Women are statistically older as a result of longer life expectancy. In this group the median was 43 years on average.

Median age in Poland

According to GUS data, the inhabitants of villages are younger than the inhabitants of cities. The median age in these groups was 39.5 and 42.5 years respectively. As a result of the extension of life expectancy and changes in the age structure of the population, the median increases from year to year. In both groups it increased by 0.4 years compared to 2018. Compared to the data for 1990, the median in the whole country increased by 9 years.

The ageing population is a huge challenge for the entire healthcare system. On the other hand, it provides an opportunity to develop services dedicated to seniors, such as long-term care centres.

Pole in comparison with Europe

The mortality rate among men in Poland is significantly higher than that of women. It is similar to that in other countries. However, the scale of this phenomenon in our country is much deeper than in most European countries. It is worth noting that in the 1990s the difference between the average life expectancy of women and men was decreasing – according to the Central Statistical Office (GUS), in 1991 it was 9.2 years and in 2001 it was 8.2 years; the first decade of the 21st century brought an increase in this value to 8.7 (in 2006-2008). Then the value of this variable decreased until it reached 8.0 in 2013. Since then, it has remained at a similar level. In 2019, a statistical Pole of the male sex lived on average 7.7 years shorter than the opposite sex.

In general, in 2019 the average life expectancy of men in Poland was 74.1 years, while that of women was 81.8 years. In comparison with the previous year, life expectancy increased by 0.3 and 0.1 years, respectively, while taking into account 1990, by 7.9 and 6.6 years respectively.

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