More than three quarters of obstetrics and gynaecology clinics in Poland are privately owned, according to the PMR report. This is a relatively low percentage compared to other leading specialisations.
The capital city provides the best access
In total, 78% of specialist and primary care clinics in Poland operate in institutions owned by private entities. The participation of private entities is the highest in aesthetic medicine, dietetics and plastic surgery. If we take into account the leading specialisations in terms of the number of clinics (in Poland), the highest participation of private entities is in internal diseases, dermatology with venereology, endocrinology and cardiology. In all these specialisations it exceeds 80%.
Behind the obstetrics and gynaecology clinics there are occupational medicine, general surgery and medical rehabilitation clinics. However, the share of private entities in any of these specialisations is not lower than 70%.
As many as three out of five counties with the highest saturation of obstetrics and gynaecology clinics are located in Silesia (cities of Katowice and Czestochowa and the Myszkowski county). In Warsaw there is not only the highest absolute number of clinics (which is almost three times higher than in the second Krakow), but also one of the highest indicators in the scale of Poland per 1,000 inhabitants.
In many counties gynecology is only private
At the same time, there is a number of counties in Poland where obstetrics and gynaecology clinics are run exclusively, or almost exclusively, by privately owned institutions. This is the case, for example, in the Poznan county, which is generally characterised by a very high share of private owners in health care facilities (98%). Other counties where there is practically no access to public obstetrics and gynaecology clinics are cities with county rights located in Silesia: Bytom, Zabrze and Tychy.
At the other extreme there are counties where private clinics account for less than 40% of clinics in the analysed specialisation. These are Swiecki, Radomski, Radomszczanski, Kielecki, Skarzynski and Grojecki counties.
A specialist clinic is the place where medical services in a given field of medicine are provided. According to the methodology adopted by PMR, if a centre runs several outpatient clinics of the same specialisation at the same address, such outpatient clinics have been included in the analysis once. The following forms of activity have been classified as private entities: business activity conducted by a natural person, joint-stock company, civil partnership, general partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company.