According to the latest PMR report: “Geriatric care market in Poland 2020. Investment plans and comparative analysis by voivodship”, care for the elderly in Poland is focused on social care homes, which are part of the public system. However, in recent years the demand for private nursing homes for the elderly has been growing.
Geriatric market dominated by public institutions
Social care homes (DPS) account for 43% of the total number of long-term resident institutions for older people and have over 60% of beds. This means that they are mostly large establishments. Size in this case does not always go hand in hand with quality of service. Therefore, as our analysis shows, the number of facilities where patients have to pay for their stay out of their own pocket (and not through the NFZ or pension) has been growing dynamically in recent years.
This gives them, among other things, a smaller room and numerous amenities and services, e.g. relaxation and beauty zones, marital suites furnished as apartments. The dynamic growth of private facilities in recent years is mainly related to the so-called 24-hour care facilities, which constitute the majority of almost 700 private facilities operating in Poland. It is worth noting, however, that a large part of people staying in DPS will never become clients of private institutions due to limited financial means at their disposal.
The smallest centres in north-eastern Poland
The analysis carried out by PMR at commercial service outlets for senior citizens shows that the smallest centres in terms of the number of beds are located in north-eastern Poland, in the Pomorskie, Warminsko-Mazurskie and Podlaskie voivodships (36-37 places per outlet). At the same time, according to our forecasts, these are the provinces where the population will grow the fastest until 2030. In these provinces there may be a significant problem with care for the elderly in the future.
The largest average number of places in the centres is in Lubuskie voivodship (61). In this province there are relatively few 24-hour care centers (32% of centers, compared to 47% of the Polish average), which are characterised by a small number of places.