Ten post jest także dostępny w języku: polski
The rotavirus vaccine is likely to be on the mandatory vaccination list. Free vaccinations will cover children born after 31 December 2020. This is to be guaranteed by a new draft regulation of the Minister of Health amending the regulation on mandatory vaccinations.
Vaccination against rotaviruses and their effectiveness
The OSR document published on Wednesday, 26 August 2020 at the Government Legislation Centre indicates that vaccination against rotaviruses is an effective method of preventing rotaviral diarrhea. It ensures a decrease in the number of hospitalizations by up to 94% and reduces the incidence of rotaviral diarrhea in the entire population by 74%. Additionally, these vaccinations not only reduce the number of cases in the vaccinated group, but also contribute to the reduction of nosocomial infections. The purchase of the vaccines is planned in 2021 and will be financed with additional funds. Their cost in 2021 is estimated at over PLN 131 m.
The obligatory rotavirus vaccination program is to cover children from 6 weeks of age to 24 weeks of age. As stated in the OSR, currently in 15 European Union countries, population vaccination against rotaviruses is financed from the budget of a given country. The draft regulation was submitted for 7 days for public consultation and opinion.
Number of cases in the absence of mandatory vaccinations
In 2019, the number of cases of viral intestinal infections caused by rotaviruses in Poland exceeded 34 thousand, an increase of 46% compared to the recorded cases in 2018, according to the PZH data. Almost half of all cases were recorded in the second quarter of 2019. At the same time, it is worth noting that over 90% of all patients required hospitalization. The highest incidence of rotavirus-induced diseases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2019 was recorded in the Pomorskie voivodeship (108.9) and the lowest in the Lubuskie voivodeship (59.6).
In 2020, due to the long-term state of social isolation due to the coronavirus epidemic, the number of these cases decreased significantly. In the period from 1 January to 15 August 2020, 5,192 cases of viral intestinal infections caused by rotaviruses were registered, which means a decrease of almost 83% compared to the same period a year earlier.